SDG 17 — Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

(1) Technology transfer, fair trade policies, development of local and regional markets and exchange of knowledge and funds are the basis for a sustainable economy for all people. E-Commerce can be a tool for development if it enables fair and equal access to economic development and participation. The development of local and regional
alternatives of IT-products independent of the world market has to be made possible for developing countries. Similarly to other products, e-commerce has to ensure that developing countries can participate in the world market if the people living in those countries want to. It should not undermine other offline markets relevant for people’s survival and well-being. There needs to be a space for offline economic activities as well.

(2) The goal of a common European digital strategy should not primarily be the creation of a common digital or e-commerce market or a European Silicon Valley with its own IT-companies. Regulations should rather focus on the protection of European citizens and consumers as well as the actual adherence of laws, including competition and antitrust laws. A European IT market can only develop with fair market conditions benefitting people and economies. The use of the internet as a common good has to be supported, including open source software and publicly available data.

(3) Digital services should be settled outside of trade agreements. If they are already included in trade agreements, transboundary flow of data, data localization, protection of personal data and privacy, transfer of and access to open source code, accountability, regulatory cooperation, net neutrality among other things have to be regulated.

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